Architecture and
Building Engineering

Architecture is an important of element society that is closely related to human beings through creation of various environments. Therefore, we have great potential for creating a rich and vivid social life environment. This faculty offers comprehensive architectural education based on art, science and technology, cultivating designers and engineers who can accurately grasp requirements and tasks of the society which has entered the maturity phase, switching from “development” to “sustaining”, from “efficiency” to “humanity”, and realize and solve them both theoretically and practically. In year 2009 we have added four more education fields to existing five fields, providing more comprehensive education. This faculty allows students to study a wide range of fields, from “architecture” to “urban”.

Close-up Fields of Study 注目の研究

建築史

過去の建築物から「心地よさ」の理由を学び、得られた知見を未来につなげていく。

生体材料工学 倉方 俊輔 教授

今までにない良さを見つけ、既存のものに新しい価値を見出す

人がその場所にいて「心地いい」と感じるのは、建築物の美しさや空間の快適性だけに由来するわけではありません。例えば、室内のインテリアや窓から見える景色であったり、建築物を含む都市環境であったり、さまざまなものが影響しています。そして、どれだけ技術が進歩しても、その“心地よさの感じ方”というものは、昔から変わらなかったりします。つまり古い建築物や、さまざまな地域の環境に着目することで、「どういうものを造ればいいのか」という目的に関するヒントが見えてくるわけです。その観点から、過去やさまざまな地域について考察し、得られたものを未来の建築につなげようというのが建築史の考え方です。
有名な建築物だけが対象になるわけではありません。例えば、ある学生は町の銭湯を取り上げ、「コンビ二型銭湯」というジャンルを自ら考案し、現代の地域コミュニティの場として着目しました。このように評価基準を変え、既存のものに新しい価値を見出せるのも建築史の面白いところです。

最高のフィールドワークの場となる生きた歴史がつまった大阪の街

本学がある大阪市は、生きた歴史がつまっている街です。例えば、江戸時代から船場の商人の守り神だった北御堂は今も公共の場として賑わっていますし、北浜・中之島界隈には現在も使われている明治から昭和初期に建てられたレトロな建築物があり、もちろん市内には最新の技術が用いられたビルなどもたくさん存在します。今に息づく伝統や歴史が生活圏に多数存在し、それが現代の都市と融合している全国的にも珍しい地域であり、フィールドワークでそれらを目にし、体感することが、これからの建築を考えていく上での大きなヒントになるでしょう。フィールドと文献を行き来しながら、新たな価値を発見し、位置づけていくのが建築史の醍醐味です。身近なところに“大阪の街”という生きた教室があることが本研究室の有利なところだと思います。

Architecture and Building Engineering Research Areas

Building Engineering

Education and research in the building engineering area is centered on knowledge and technology necessary to control various aspects of structural behaviors of buildings. Specifically, the education includes: (1) learning the technology of structural analysis of buildings and development of ability to create structural planning (structural mechanics, structural planning), (2) learning the basics of structural design of buildings and understanding of theoretical background (reference load, load estimation), (3) learning the basics of structural materials and construction quality control of buildings, and basic knowledge about various building structures and properties of building materials (building materials, construction quality).

Structural Engineering for Architecture

Among various architectural structures our research is focused on mechanical characteristics of shell and spatial structures with large space, represented by domes and stadium roofs. We research structural characteristics using both numerical analysis and experimental methods, aiming to develop structural technology to create new architectural space.

  • Mock-up assembly of the wooden truss structure developed in our laboratory

Wind Engineering

Earthquakes and wind force are the main affecting factors that buildings must withstand. While the force applied by an earthquake varies depending on internal characteristics of the building such as its hardness and weight, the wind force depends on the shape of the building, or, so to speak, its appearance. On the other hand, if the building is destroyed it means that (earthquake / wind force) > (building’s strength), and it is also necessary to check the structural strength of the building. Our laboratory is studying the forces generated by the winds acting on buildings and the structural strength of the buildings damaged by the wind.

  • Wind tunnel experiment to measure wind load acting on the roof surface

Building Materials

We are researching seismic performance evaluation of buildings (mainly reinforced concrete and wooden) and development of seismic strengthening technology. Recently, our goal is to develop a new concrete structural material system which will use new materials. We are also working on development of building and structural materials with reduced environmental impact due to effective utilization of natural resources and industrial byproducts.

  • Test specimen fabrication (concrete placement)
  • Observation of test specimen’s damage

Architectural Environmental Engineering

Education and research in the environmental area is focused on indoor and outdoor environmental control from the viewpoint of human comfort and energy conservation in architectural space. Specific fields: (1) light environment including sunshine, lighting, natural lighting, (2) heat environment including temperature and energy, (3) sound environment including noise, sound insulation, acoustic characteristics, (4) air environment including air quality and air flow, (5) quantitative evaluation of building's physics, evaluation of buildings from psychological and physiological point of view in the area of building facilities handling water supply, sanitation and fire extinguishing system, air conditioning and ventilation.

Architectural Environmental Engineering

In order to reduce the risk of fall accidents of elderly persons, we measure line of sight during movement in the light environment as an environmental factor causing such accidents. We also analyze the relationship between the rate of fall accidents in nursing homes for elderly and weather conditions.

  • Scene of gaze characteristics measurement during walking

Researchers

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Architecture and Planning

In addition to planning physical characteristics of buildings, education and research in the architecture and planning area is focused on planning the <architecture> by considering such aspects as human social life and historical culture. Specific fields include (1) planning including not only new constructions but also utilization of stocks and construction of buildings, (2) design that creative integrates a wide range of conditions relating to construction, (3) architectural history that updates evaluation and definition of buildings. This area puts special attention to practical approach through actual design, moving between practice and theory.

Architectural Design and History

We examine and analyze existing cities in the field and research design methods that use the results in architectural design. Our students not only participate in exhibitions, but also have many opportunities to engage in actual projects, such as designing buildings requested by the laboratory and participating in the competition of architectural design offices.

Architectural Planning and Design

Renovation has become popular as a method of regenerating the housing stock, and renovation areas have appeared all over the place. In such areas renovation calls further renovation, forming a chain network. This phenomenon is called Co-Renovation. We investigate its mechanism and the possibility of revitalizing the community. As mentioned above, the architectural planning is a research field that constructs the theory of planning buildings and cities from the relationship between humans, things and ideas.

  • The renovation leads to the birth of relationship between humans, things and ideas, starting the celebration (Abeno-ku Osaka-shi)
  • It also creates gathering places for local people (Nagasaki pref., Fukuejima)

Building Construction Method

We are working on development of new construction methods using new materials, reevaluation of traditional technologies and development of methods to diagnose soundness of existing buildings based on wooden materials and wooden structures as sustainable materials responsible for carbon fixation, development of technical infrastructure for long-term prediction of building performance.

  • A large-scale wooden construction created using new wooden material CLT

Community Design

We perform empirical research through workshops with residents, focusing on cities as living entities comprising people, communities and regions. We are working on such themes as urban planning to revitalize cities and regions where residents play major part, and design of regional and group urban space beyond single buildings.

  • Planning, design and utilization of public spaces, social experiments and their analysis, observation and evaluation

Researchers

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  • Prof. MIYAMOTO Katsuhiro
    Prof.
    MIYAMOTO Katsuhiro
  • Prof. TOKUONO Tetsu
    Prof.
    TOKUONO Tetsu
  • Assoc. Prof. KURAKATA Shunsuke
    Assoc. Prof.
    KURAKATA Shunsuke
  • Assoc. Prof. ISHIYAMA Hiroki
    Assoc. Prof.
    ISHIYAMA Hiroki
  • Lecturer NISHINO Yuichiro
    Lecturer
    NISHINO Yuichiro

Graphic Science

Our research subjects include “spatial information analysis for large scale geometric data”, “algorithm-based architectural and urban design”, “development of efficient evacuation plans based on mathematical models”.

  • Example of housing floor plan created by enumeration algorithm

Researchers (additional post)

Admission Policy

Our faculty works in a wide range of fields, and we are looking for diverse talents. All potential students must meet the requirement “6” and any of requirements from “1” to “5” below.

  1. Those with desire to learn a wide range of knowledge and skills to solve architectural and social problems to improve human life and society
  2. Active and inquisitive, those who are interested in the various events that occur in the human, social, and natural world and mechanisms that supports them
  3. Those motivated to create things in the form of architecture and interested in science, art and technology which make it possible
  4. Those who are good at three-dimensional thinking, have strong interest in manufacturing and reach creative spirit
  5. Those who possess communication skills and can tell their opinions to other people
  6. Those who have a certain level of academic ability necessary to master specialized subjects related to architecture and who are interested in a wide range of academic fields such as humanities, social science, culture, history, etc.